What is PE100?

PE100 is a version of HDPE and stands for Poly Ethylene with an Minimum Required Strength (MRS) of 100 at 50 years and 20º according to ISO4427

HDPE PE100 pipe is easy to install, light, flexible, corrosion-free and has a service life of up to 100 years. It can be jointed using butt fusion or electrocution to create a leak-free pressure network for gas or water. For the trenchless applications butt fusion is most widely used because this results in a smooth exterior profile with no protrusions that might cause difficulties in pulling the pipe into the ground or host pipe.

Pipes made of polyethylene, in which PE100 is used

PE & HDPE PE100 Pipe Properties

Minimum Required Strength (MRS) 10.0 MPa (1450 psi)
Hydrostatic Design Basis (HDB) Pressure: 1600 psi (11 MPa)
Allowable Compressive Strength: 7.93 MPa
Tensile Strength at Yield: 23 MPa
Elongation at Break: 200 MPa
Modulus of Elasticity (50 years): 200 MPa
Flexural Modulus: 1000 MPa
Poisson’s Ratio: 0.45
Coefficient of thermal expansion: 1.3x 10-4 °C-1

Temperature resistance of PE pipe

The properties of HDPE PE100 pipe are determined at standard temperatures of 20°C or 23°C. These properties can be significantly affected by temperature, so at higher temperature the properties, including MRS, decrease. At higher temperatures it may be necessary to apply reduction factors to MRS, and consequently MOP. Some Codes and Standards define the reduction factors that must be applied; AWWA C901 and C906 for example. Otherwise there are standard reduction factors that can be applied in design. ISO13761:1996 defines reduction factors to be applied to MOP at higher temperatures. These are shown below

HDPE PE100 Pipe Types

In addition to the common HDPE PE100 pipe, several other types have been developed for specific applications.

Pipes made of polyethylene, in which PE100 is used

PE100 pipe

PE100 RC

RC indicates resistance to cracking. PE100 RC is a resin that has an increased stress crack resistance while maintaining the same MRS and rapid crack propagation resistance as conventional PE100. It is intended for use in more severe conditions and is especially suitable for trenchless methods. In Europe approximately 25% of PE100 usage in trenchless applications, both new installation and rehabilitation, is PE100 RC.

Bimodal PE 100 materials with high resistance to slow and rapid crack propagation are classified as set out in PAS (Publicly Available Specification) 1075 – Pipes made from Polyethylene for Alternative Installation Techniques: Dimensions, Technical Requirements and Testing. In PAS 1075, which is a supplement to existing standards and guidelines, there are three different types of RC pipe:
Type 1: Single-layer solid wall pipes made of PE 100 RC
Type 2: Pipes with dimensionally integrated protective layers of PE 100 RC
Type 3: Pipes with dimensions conforming to DIN 8074/ISO 4065 with an outer protective casing. Inner pipe made of PE 100 RC
Generally Types 1 & 2 are used for open trench applications where no sand bedding is used. Type 3 is more commonly used for trenchless applications.

 which one is better? PE80 or PE100

PE100 offers additional long term strength and performance over PE80 while allowing for thinner pipe walls for the same operating pressure. PE100 uses less polymer and provides for a larger bore and increased flow capacity.

Results show that PE100 is better than PE80 in crack growth resistance, according to PENT test results (Ref 3), and has higher yield strength and elastic modulus…

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